Deploy with pull requests

You can deploy using pull requests in two main ways: 

  1. Defining pipelines that only run on pull requests

  2. Using a specific structure for your repository

Define a pull request pipeline

For pull requests within your repository, you can define a special pipeline which only runs on pull requests. This pipeline can be configured to deploy in the same way as a regular pipeline. We recommend only using this to deploy to test environments, as you've not fully merged yet!

Restrict pull requests to certain branches

Step 1: Define the repository structure

Repository branches:

  • main: Your integration branch

  • staging: Use this branch to trigger deployments to staging

  • production: Use this branch to trigger deployments to production

  • feature/xxx: All feature branches

With the branch structure above, you can define a .YML file that has different flows for different branches:


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 # This is a sample build configuration for Javascript. # Only use spaces to indent your .yml configuration. # ----- # You can specify a custom docker image from Docker Hub as your build environment. image: node:10.15.0 pipelines: default: - step: script: - npm install - npm test branches: staging: - step: script: - npm install - npm test - export HEROKU_APP_NAME=$STAGING_APP - ./ # Check to understand how to deploy to Heroku production: - step: script: - npm install - npm test - export HEROKU_APP_NAME=$PROD_APP - ./ # Check to understand how to deploy to Heroku
  • You can check your bitbucket-pipelines.yml file with our online validator.

  • All branches except staging and production use the default pipeline that simply runs the tests.

  • The staging and deployment branches have a different configuration and are set up to deploy to their respective staging and production environments.

Step 2: Set branch permissions

In order to protect the staging and production branches from being pushed directly, you can use branch permissions to only allow merges via pull requests.

Step 3: Start deploying with pull requests

You can now simply develop a new feature or improvements on the feature branches and integrate them into your main branch.

Creating a pull request allows you to review the changes before you deploy them to the staging environment. Repeat the process to deploy to production: create a pull request going from the staging branch to the production branch.


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